Traditionally a herbarium was a book of collected raw plant material that had been pressed or preserved to aid in research of using plants for medicinal purposes. Usually all parts of the plant were represented including the roots, stems, leaves and fruits. The collector would then annotate the page with identification remarks and findings.
A Modern Herbarium Journal
Today an herbarium has evolved to a place where such documentation resides. More of a library or museum with huge data banks of material for education and research. One of the largest Herbaria is the Kew Herbarium located in England with more than 6 millions specimens. Here in the US we have several; the two largest are the New York Botanical Herbarium and in DC the US National Herbarium, each housing around three million specimens.
I have always love beautiful botanical illustrations that show the parts of a particular plants, so I was really interested in learning more about an herbarium.
While researching the topic I came across several references to Emily Dickinson, the famous poet. Apparently Emily at the age of 14 started creating her own herbarium. Currently you can find a complete color digital facsimile at Harvard University’s Houghton Library. I also came across a digital Herbarium at the University of Wisconsin extension. This digital herbarium has images of real northern Wisconsin plants along with their identifying characteristics.
From there it didn’t take long to realize that there are manly catalogs of herbaria which you can view online. The big ones are: Kew Herbarium Catalogue and The C.V. Starr Virtual Herbarium from the New York Botanical Garden.
Make Your Own Modern Herbarium Journal
- Collect some specimens of flowers including the roots, stems and flowers.
- Press between phone book pages or newspaper until dry.
- Mount them in a notebook. I think a sketch pad or watercolor book would work well.
- Make a label or hand-write the scientific name and common name, the date collected and any other notes about your collection.
I have a few flowers I pressed for other projects from last year so I have already started with Alchemilla mollis, or Lady’s Mantle and I’m looking forward to filling up the book this season.